Petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals in Great Lakes surface films

  • 39 Pages
  • 3.26 MB
  • English
Michigan Sea Grant Program , [Ann Arbor
Water -- Pollution -- Great Lakes., Hydrocarbons -- Great Lakes., Heavy metals., Oil pollution of water -- Great Lakes., Surface chemi
StatementRobert M. Owen and Philip A. Meyers.
SeriesMICHU-SG -- 78-202., Michigan Sea Grant technical report -- no. 60., Technical report (Michigan Sea Grant Program) -- no. 60.
ContributionsMeyers, Philip A., Michigan Sea Grant Program.
The Physical Object
Pagination39 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16109181M

Petroleum hydro carbons and heavy metals in Great Lakes surface films. Michigan Sea Grant Program Tech. Rep. MICHU-SG ____, and J. Mackin. Influ- MEYERS and KAWKA ence of physical processes on the concentration of heavy metals and organic carbon in the surface micro by: The book discusses the solubilities of substances from tar sands and heavy oils; the physical and chemical behavior of oils; and the carcinogenic and toxic effects of oil and oil products, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on freshwater communities and ecosystems.

2 Great Lakes Research Division, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MiUSA Abstract Fatty acid, hydrocarbon, PCB, and heavy metal compositions of samples from the surface microlayer and subsurface water have been determined from a variety of Lake Michigan locations during a four-year study.

Atmospheric, aquatic, and terrigenous. not polluted by hydrocarbons, and it shows relatively less polluted by some heavy metals. Procured data show strong relationship between the distribution of hydrocarbons in both groundwater and sediments, and also with some heavy metals. Al Jmayl well may be exposed to indirect pollution by petroleum leakage from fuel station tanks near to by: 2.

The temporal and spatial distribution of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and four heavy metals in the surface sediments of Caofeidian Sea Area during – was investigated. (2) Natural organic sea surface films or inadvertent petroleum spills act as accumulation sites for lipophilic pollutants such as chlorinated hydrocarbons or organic forms of heavy metals.

(3) Organic surface films have a strong influence on the exchange of liquids, solids and gases between water and by: for assessing heavy metals and total petroleum hydrocar. bon contamination from surface soils in close proximity at.

a depth of 0–15 cm into automobile repair workshops and. agricultural fields located beside the highways. Petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals in Great Lakes surface films.

Description Petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals in Great Lakes surface films PDF

Michigan Sea Grant Technical Report No. 60, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Michigan Sea Grant Technical Report No. 60, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, by: 9. Notes References layer method for small samples.

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Limnol. Oceanogr. ARMSTRONG, F. A., P. WILLIAMS, AND J. STRICKLAND. Photo-oxidation of Cited by: Total Petroleum hydrocarbons (PHs), chlorinated hydrocarbons, and the sum of polychlorinated biphenyl (∑-PCB), and heavy metal (Hg, Cu, Cd, Pb, and V) levels were low in both surveys, however p,p′-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (pp′-DDE) increased in most likely due to the prior usage of dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane (DDT).Cited by: Heavy metals are present in crude oil, and its heavy m etal content is associ- ated with porphyrins which is the pyrrolic structure.

Lube oil waxes, light oil. In book: Hydrocarbon Pollution and its Effect on the Environment. Soil naturally consists o f heavy metals, with surface films and sediments. Heavy Metals and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Concentrations in Surface Water of Esi River, Western Niger Delta.

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 9: DOI: /rjes Heavy metals found in petroleum depends on the geological location in which the crude is being formed. Some metals present in crude oil are as a result of the type of metals present in the source rock.

These metals dissociates in the pore water of these rocks, which in turn is absorbed into the crude oil. Surface enrichment of ln, Cd, Pb, and Cu was reported to correlate posi tively with in situ film pressure mea surements (negatively with surface ten sion) and to be greater in samples taken from visible " s licks" of surface organic microlayers (Elzerman and Armstrong, ).Cited by: 8.

Details Petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals in Great Lakes surface films EPUB

Petroleum products can have a detrimental effect on oxygen demand and transfer in surface water, and it can restrict the penetration of sunlight to aquatic plants.

Heavy metals are also toxic, and they can build up in the soil and plant tissue. Most of the ingestion of heavy metals occurs from consumption of plants.

Various inorganic and organic pollutants in industrial soils may adversely affect soil microorganisms and terrestrial ecosystem functioning. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between the microbial activity, microbial biomass, and functional diversity of soil bacteria and the metals and total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) in the Upper Silesian Cited by: James N.

Huckins's research works with 6, citations and 3, reads, including: Field and laboratory evaluation of a suite of aquatic passive samplers as routine monitoring tools. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS PETROLEUM ENGINEERING – UPSTREAM - The petroleum upstream industry: hydrocarbons exploration and production - P.

Macini and E. Mesini ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) today comes from crude oil and natural gas (more than 80% from fossil fuels) and thusFile Size: KB.

Characterization and distribution of petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals in groundwater from three Italian tank farms. Science of The Total Environment(1), DOI: /env Terry L.

Wade, Stephen T. Sweet, Andrew G. by: (18) Involves the removal of the Earth's surface all the way down to the level of the mineral seam. Used for extracting mineral deposits that lie close to the earth's surface in large horizontal beds.

Several studies demonstrated sensitivity of sea urchin embryos to heavy metals solutions in the range of mg/l for Hg and Cu, and 10 mg/l. Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs), defined as a mixture of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons coming from crude oil products used in industry and transportation, can be both toxic for soil microorganisms as well as beneficial as a carbon source (Maliszewska-Kordybach ; Sutton et al.

).Cited by: This article discusses the determination of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and heavy-metal contamination in soils within areas of refined petroleum products handling in Lagos metropolis.

Soil samples were collected randomly from two petrol stations, two auto-mechanic workshops, and a National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) by:   Letcher RJ, Su G, Moore JN, Williams LL, Martin PA, De Solla SR, Bowerman WW () Perfluorinated sulfonate and carboxylate compounds and precursors in herring gull eggs from across the Laurentian Great Lakes of North America: temporal and recent spatial comparisons and exposure : Irina S.

Moreira, Catarina L. Amorim, Cormac D. Murphy, Paula M. Castro. TPH Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons TVS Total Volatile Solids vi USEnvironmental Protection Agency. of the more toxic chemicals that are introduced into surface waters. United States Environmental Protection Agency’s National Sediment Inventory (NSI) (USEPA ), a biennial report to • Great Lakes National Program Office (GLNPO) tion include petroleum hydrocarbons, brines and trace metals, Fate and Transport of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soil and Ground Water at Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Tennessee and Kentucky, By Shannon D.

Williams, David E. Ladd, and James J. FarmerCited by: 8. 5 Awesome Solutions to Water Pollution. Dirty and polluted water is the world’s primary health concern and persists to pose threats to the survival of humanity and quality of aquatic life. Many water resources are more and more becoming vulnerable to pollution by toxic chemicals, dirt, garbage, and pathogens.

petroleum hydrocarbons (HCs). More specifically, the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) represent the most toxic fraction of oil, and sixteen PAHs are included on lists of priority chemical contaminants by the World Health Organization and the File Size: 1MB.

The application of surface geochemical methods to finding petroleum is based on the detection of hydrocarbons in the soil that have leaked from a petroleum reservoir at depth. While the seal over the deposit was once considered impermeable, surface geochemistry data now show that such leakage is a common by:.

lakes, or rivers. Contaminants present in these surface waters can contribute contamination to the ground water system. Some wells rely on arti-ficial recharge to increase the amount of water infiltrating an aquifer, often using water from storm runoff, irrigation, industrial processes, or treated sewage.

In several cases, this practice has.The most prominent chemical groups of organic contaminants are petroleum hydrocarbons, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), chlorinated aromatic compounds, detergents, and pesticides.

Inorganic species include nitrates, phosphates, and heavy metals such as cadmium, chromium and by: 5. 1. Introduction. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of widely distributed and persistent organic pollutants that include a number of carcinogenic compounds (ATSDR, ).There are three major types of PAH sources: pyrogenic PAHs that are emitted during incomplete burning of coal, oil, gas, coke, wood, garbage, or other organic matterial; Cited by: